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APUSH Ch 33 Quiz

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Intended to assist farmers by creating "artificial scarcity"  and establishing "parity prices" for farm products, this agency was declared unconstitutional in 1936 by the U.S. Supreme Court.
a.
Works Progress Administration.
d.
Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
b.
Tennessee Valley Authority.
e.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration.
c.
Public Works Administration.
 

 2. 

As soon as he had entered the White House, Roosevelt called Congress into immediate emergency session to deal with the problems of the Depression. During this session of Congress much of the New Deal legislation was passed. This session came to be known by what name?
a.
The Long Congress.
d.
The Liberal Congress.
b.
The New Deal Congress.
e.
The Congress of the Forgotten Man.
c.
The Hundred Days Congress.
 

 3. 

When Roosevelt took the nation off the gold standard and instituted what his advisers called a "managed currency" he was really adopting which of the following policies?
a.
Deflation.
d.
Fascism.
b.
Socialism.
e.
Inflation.
c.
Capitalism.
 

 4. 

The Michigan Catholic priest known for his pro-fascist, anti-New Deal radio broadcasts to 40 million national fans was which of the following?
a.
Huey P. Long.
d.
Charles Coughlin.
b.
Gerald K. Smith.
e.
H. L. Mencken.
c.
Francis E. Townsend.
 

 5. 

Why is Schechter Poultry v. U.S. significant?
a.
It marked the end of the 1st New Deal and the beginning of the 2nd New Deal
d.
It marked the end of the New Deal
b.
It was a landmark case in food safety
It was a landmark case in food safety
e.
It marked the start of judicial review
c.
It validated federal regulation of intrastate commerce
 

 6. 

Which of the following was Roosevelt's first action as president?
a.
Declared a national bank holiday; shut banks down March 6-10 for federal Treasury inspector to go over their books, as a prelude to reopening the banks on a sounder basis in which the public would trust them.
d.
Nationalized the railroads, telegraphs, and telephones as preparation to adopting programs that only a few years earlier would have been condemned as socialistic.
b.
Dismissed Congress to return to their constituencies to learn what the people wanted and how to craft and implement those policies that would help the most Americans regain economic stability.
e.
Appointed a bipartisan commission of Republicans, Democrats, and Independents to recommend methods to relieve the conditions of the Depression, restore the national economy, and bring immediate relief to the unemployed.
c.
Expropriated funds from the military and other government programs to provide immediate relief checks to the impoverished and the unemployed.
 

 7. 

.  All of the following descriptions of the National Recovery Administration are true, EXCEPT?
a.
Declared unconstitutional in the case of Schechter v. U.S. (1935).
d.
Did not go so far as to require managers to negotiate with unions.
b.
"Yellow-dog" contracts were forbidden.
e.
Individual industries worked out "fair competition" codes to govern minimum wages, maximum hours of labor allowed.
c.
Certain restrictions placed on child labor.
 

 8. 

Why was the Wagner Act important to union organizers?
a.
Collective bargaining became a right
d.
All workers in America were forced to join unions
b.
Company lockouts were banned
e.
Workers were forbidden to strike
c.
Yellow dog contracts were required of all workers
 

 9. 

Cooperation between Roosevelt, the president-elect, and Hoover, the lame duck president, during the months between the election in November and the inauguration in March was hampered by which of the following factors?     
a.
Republicans retained control of Congress until March and refused to pass any of Roosevelt's programs.
d.
Liberal Democrats who took control of Congress in January were unwilling to give the conservative Hoover the chance to look like he had achieved successes before leaving office.
b.
Hoover attempted to trap Roosevelt into agreements that would bind him to a anti-inflationary policy that would make later New Deal policies impossible to adopt.
e.
The rapidly weakening world economy made cooperation between Hoover and Roosevelt a moot point that would achieve little to help the national economy.
c.
Roosevelt wanted the economy to deteriorate even further so his programs could make him look like the economic savior of the nation.
 

 10. 

The senator from Louisiana who promoted himself and his "Share Our Wealth" program with such rabble-rousing tactics that Roosevelt called him one of the two most dangerous men in America. Who was he?
a.
Huey P. Long.
d.
Charles Coughlin.
b.
Gerald K. Smith.
e.
H. L. Mencken.
c.
Francis E. Townsend.
 

 11. 

All of the following favorable outcomes came from the adoption of the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933 EXCEPT?
a.
3 million unemployed young people were given fresh-air jobs in a uniformed conservation program with food, clothing and housing provided.
d.
Program proved to be the most popular of the New Deal.
b.
Families of CCC workers receive most of their pay to help them survive the problems of the Depression.
e.
Natural resources were protected, reforestation program instituted, forest fires fought.
c.
Young men were introduced to military service as a preparation, but an unexpected benefit, for World War II.
 

 12. 

Among the reforms instituted in the Glass-Steagall Banking Reform Act of 1933 was which of the following?
a.
Declared a bimetal currency policy with both gold and silver backing paper bills issued by the federal government.
d.
Provided for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure the bank deposits of individual citizens up to $5,000.
b.
Nationalized banks under a federal auditing system.
e.
Established fraud and deceptive business tactics in banking as a federal crime.
c.
Established the Federal Reserve System to provide banks with a source of currency during emergencies.
 

 13. 

Who served as Franklin D. Roosevelt's "conscience of the New Deal," was one of his closest political advisors, represented the dispossessed and impoverished, and traveled the nation as "his legs" observing what needed to be seen and reporting it back to the president.
a.
Alfred M. Landon.
d.
Harry L. Hopkins.
b.
Mary McLeod Bethune.
e.
Francis Perkins.
c.
Eleanor Roosevelt.
 

 14. 

All of the following are correct descriptions of Roosevelt's political actions during the election of 1932 EXCEPT?
a.
Emphasized the "forgotten man" and pledged the American people a "new deal."
d.
Allied his future administration closely to ending segregation and achieving civil rights for African Americans.
b.
Promised to end the "Hoover Depression" and achieve a balanced budget.
e.
Democratic platform came out strongly in favor of repealing Prohibition.
c.
Depended upon his "Brain Trust" of reform-minded intellectuals for advice and speeches.
 

 15. 

What is the first official action of FDR as president?
a.
The Bank Holiday
d.
He sent Eleanor out to meet with ordinary Americans
b.
Signed a bill creating the Civilian Conservation Corps.
e.
Signed the Wagner Act
c.
Signed the Federal Emergency Relief Act
 



 
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